Barcelone 2018-06-19T16:42:09+00:00
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BARCELONE

Barcelone is the capital of the province of Barcelone and autonomous community of Catalonia, Catalan culture centre and one of the most modern and cosmopolitan cities of Spain. It is very common to refer to her as well as Ciudad Condal, as was the county town of Barcelone. It has a population of 1,604,555 inhabitants in 2015, the second most populous city in Spain after Madrid, and the eleventh of the European Union. In the metropolitan area of Barcelone, live more than 5.5 million people (2014), making it the sixth most populous city in the European Union. Located on the shores of the Mediterranean sea, Barcelone is between the Besos (northeast) and Llobregat (southwest) rivers.

To the northwest, the Collserola delimits the city, thus squeezed in on a plain between the sea and the mountains. A little over 100 km to the north is the mountain range of the Pyrenees and the border with France, Barcelone has hosted several international events that have helped to consolidate and develop it and give it worldwide reach. The most important: the Universal Exhibition of 1888, the International Exhibition of 1929, the 1992 Olympics and the 2004 Universal Forum of Cultures. Because of the cultural, financial, commercial and tourist importance, Barcelone is recognized as a global city.

Due to its excellent strategic location is an important communications point between Spain and France, due to motorway connections and high-speed rail. It has one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean and the Barcelona-El Prat Airport, located 15 km from the centre of the city, was used by more than 37.5 million passengers in 2014. All this makes Barcelone one especially attractive for trade and tourism city.

Barcelone

Weather in Barcelone

Barcelone generally has a pleasant Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and warm summers with little daily thermal oscillation due to its orientation on the Spanish Mediterranean coast.

Definitely, the best time to visit Barcelone is during the months of May to July, when the temperature and humidity do not become extremely high. However, in August can be reached 35 ° C making Barcelona an authentic sauna.

September is a great month: has already lowered the heat, and you can still enjoy the beaches. It is also ideal for walking tours around and excursions without risk of ending up dehydrated. In October and November, despite some possible rain and lower temperatures, it is still possible to enjoy sunny and pleasant days.

Temperatures usually vary between 15 ° C and 22 ° C.

In winter, the minimum temperature does not become extreme, with an average of 12 ° C. Anecdotally, there are many children who do not know the snow in Barcelone. Nor is frequent rain, although it is still winter and occasionally we use umbrellas.

Plano de Barcelona

Barcelone Districts and Neighbourhoods

Ciutat Vella, the origin of Barcelone

Until the middle of IXX century, Barcelone included the urban centre bounded by walls, surrounded by fields and small towns like Gràcia, Sarrià, Horta and Sant Martí. Today, the old city or Ciutat Vella is a district over Barcelone which are political, historical and tourist centres of the Catalan capital. The Barri Gotic is the historical and political centre of the city and is located between La Rambla and Via Laietana.

The Roman town developed in the heart of this neighbourhood, surrounded by walls built in the Middle Ages can still be seen in different parts, as is in the History Museum of the City of Barcelone, around the first walled enclosure forming part the perimeter of the current Gothic Quarter. Across the Via Laietana, the Born and the Ribera owes its origin to the expansion towards the east of the old Barcino, which was like the Romans christened Barcelone. Years later, along with the west wall, various types of equipment and religious institutions forming a shantytown were emplaced. And this is the origin of the other neighbourhood from Ciutat Vella: Raval. Barcelone’s famous Las Ramblas once the fortress was in the middle. In the eighteenth century, it was born the fourth quarter district: Barceloneta, fisherman neighbourhood and sea south of the city on the shores of the Mediterranean.

Eixample district

The Eixample or Ensanche was born after the destruction of the walls in 1855, by the plain adjoining considered a military and culture zone. On this plain, between the old walled city and surrounding towns, they have developed the five districts of Eixample district. This development project was carried out according to the Cerdà Plan, devised by the Catalan engineer Ildefons Cerdà and after the long controversy was approved and launched in 1860. Of the five boroughs of the district, three of them were absorbed by this plan after the destruction of the walls: Sant Antoni, Sagrada Família and Fort Pienc. The other two were developed as a result of the expansion that began in 1860 and calling themselves Eixample Esquerra (left) and Eixample Dreta (right).

In 1986, the origin of the last big push occurs in the transformation of Barcelone when it is named host of the 1992 Olympic Games, then the Olympic Village of Poblenou is built, always respecting the original layout of the expansion, which has allowed after more than a century, to the Eixample and Avenida Diagonal reach the sea. They also moved outside Barcelone large industries, leaving many of the ornamental chimneys as witnesses of industrial activity in this area. At the end of 1890 had more than 200 factories. This opens new avenues and develops new areas, similar to the originally designed gardens.

Gracia district

Gracia district and its neighbourhoods constituted an independent villa Barcelone until 1850, which was separated from the city by the agricultural plain surrounding the walled capital. The urbanization of the territory was approaching the capital to the town after disappearing the walls of the city of Barcelona becoming part of Barcelona in 1900. The famous and elitist Paseo de Gracia was the old road to the Villa de Gracia, perhaps for that reason remained much wider this way than the rest of the streets that made up the Cerdà Plan.

Today it is a neighbourhood of artists and bohemian atmosphere. It is full of cafes-terraces and at night is the place that people choose to go for a drink. However, despite its modern nature, Gracia is itself a very traditional neighbourhood. This creates a strange and funny atmosphere that makes it a special place to sit down and enjoy watching people go!

Gracia is also well known for local festivals that are held one week during the month of August in which people compete for the spectacular decoration of the streets (and take it very seriously!) with live music on each corner of all kinds.

Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district

Formed by the old communes of Sant Gervasi de Casseroles and Sarria. Formerly the summer resort of the Barcelona bourgeoisie becoming the residence of good people of the Catalan capital, displacing the Esquerra Eixample and before, the old stately neighbourhoods of Ciutat Vella. Located in the upper left corner of the city, it is – next to the district of Pedralbes and Eixample heart– one of the most expensive and selected areas in Barcelone. Its population is made up mainly of wealthy people. The upper part of Barcelone has several districts, but only Sarria-Sant Gervasi and Pedralbes (belonging to the district of Les Corts) are associated with the term ‘Upper zone’, a name which, in addition to its undeniable geographical reference, pointing to the upper echelons of Barcelone society. Thus, the upper area is synonymous with the district of Sarria-Sant Gervasi and also posh and wealthy people, expensive houses, money and good manners.

Sants-Montjuïc district

Sants-Montjuïc, including the former independent term of Sants, annexed to Barcelone in 1897, the industrial area of the Free Zone and the mountain of Montjuïc, natural boundary of the city by the western side.

The southernmost district and at the foot of Montjuïc reaches the sea by the Paral-lel Avenue inexhaustible history where the most varied theatres in Barcelone that does not sleep night or day.

How to arrive to Barcelone

  • BY PLANE

Barcelona-El Prat Airport

The Barcelona-El Prat Airport, located 12kms from the center of Barcelona, has 2 large terminals T1 and T2, which are connected via a shuttle bus.

There are several ways to reach the center of Barcelona but the fastest and best service is definitely the Aerobus, with a few stops along the way and achieving a time of less than 30 minutes (as long as traffic permits). Hours are 6:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.. The ticket price is 5.90 €/passenger.

Phone: 902 404 704 (24 hours)

Girona-Costa Brava Airport

It is located just 95 kms from Barcelona and is the second largest airport in Catalonia.

This airport is connected to Barcelona by coach: Sagalés and Ryan Air. The latter set their journeys according to the flights of the company. The ticket price is about 25 € / passenger.

Phone: 972 186 606

Reus Airport

Reus airport is rather smaller, and with 25 destinations, is located 100 kms south of Barcelona. It has buses Ryan Air and Hispanic Igualadina for connection to Barcelona.

 

  • BY BOAT

Cruise ships

Barcelona is the leader in the number of cruise ships in Europe. It has to do with 7 international terminals. Well connected and 1 km. the famous Rambla de Barcelona.

 

Ferris

From the port of Barcelona you can travel to the Balearics, Savona, Livorno, Genoa, Porto Torres and Civitavecchia in Italy and Tanger MED islands.

Link to Port of Barcelona.

 

Private boat

Barcelona is synonyme of the sea. Has along its boundary with no less than fourteen marinas. It is one of the few cities in the world that has four ports in the city itself and three of which centre on the banks of this.

That is why Barcelona is perfect to get to it in a private boat. Contact us and we will find your perfect boat.

 

  • BY TRAIN

Barcelona Sants station

Barcelona Sants station is the main station where you can access the high-speed train and international trains, as well as regional and commuter trains. Also, it is connected to the airport.

It has station of subway lines L5 and L6 and numerous bus routes stop as well.

 

France station

Besides being a monumental Art Nouveau building, the France station was built in 1929 and renovated in 1988, it is the second most important train station in Barcelona, from where they leave almost all regional and medium-haul lines of Catalonia.

Paseo de Gracia station

At this station stop trains Girona-Figueres-Portbou line and trains Lerida and Zaragoza (except high-speed trains).

Also for the train to T2 Barcelona-El Prat.

Plaza Catalunya Station

Located in the heart of Barcelona, it has train traffic to Manresa-Lleida, the Maresme coast and Vilafranca. Also, Ferrocarriles de la Generalitat stop at this station.

 

  • BY BUS

Barcelona Nord

Barcelona Nord is the main bus station of the city. Connections to virtually all of Europe, North Africa and the rest of Spain. It features luggage storage and currency exchange office.

Address: Street Ali Bei, 80

 

Barcelona Sants

The Sants bus station is located next to the train station and provides both national and international routes.

Address: Street Viriat, 33

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